The Farakka Agreement was signed in April 1977 between India and Bangladesh. The agreement came into being after long and arduous negotiations between the two nations. The primary objective of the agreement was to share the water of the Ganges River, which is one of the largest rivers in the world.
The signing of the Farakka Agreement was a significant milestone in the history of India-Bangladesh relations. It resolved many of the contentious issues that had plagued relations between the two countries for decades. The agreement was seen as a diplomatic success for both countries. It showcased their ability to resolve complex issues through negotiations and dialogue.
The Farakka Agreement was signed against the backdrop of a severe water crisis that had been brewing between India and Bangladesh. The Ganges River, which is the lifeline of both countries, was facing severe depletion due to excessive use and overexploitation. India had constructed a barrage at Farakka in West Bengal, which had a significant impact on the flow of the river downstream. Bangladesh had been suffering from acute water shortages, which had led to economic losses and environmental degradation.
The agreement provided a framework for the sharing of the waters of the Ganges River between India and Bangladesh. It allocated 35,000 cusecs of water to Bangladesh during the dry season, which is from January to May. India agreed to release this water from the Farakka Barrage. The agreement also established a Joint River Commission to monitor the flow of the river and resolve any disputes that may arise.
The Farakka Agreement has had a significant impact on the lives of people in both India and Bangladesh. It has ensured that the water of the Ganges River is used in a sustainable and equitable manner. It has also helped to promote economic growth in both countries by providing water for irrigation and other purposes.
In conclusion, the signing of the Farakka Agreement was a landmark event in the history of India-Bangladesh relations. It demonstrated the importance of dialogue and cooperation in resolving complex issues. The agreement has had a far-reaching impact on the lives of people in both countries and is a shining example of successful diplomacy.